BIBLOS. Revistă a filialei ieşene a Asociaţiei Bibliotecarilor din România.
Seminarul de logică discursivă, teoria argumentării şi retorică
Ascultam, zilele trecute, un interviu cu Academicianul Laurenţiu Popescu, medicul cu telocitele. Fără să fi avut vreo înţelegere cu Domnia Sa – nu ne cunoaştem – şi chiar fără să sper, îl auzeam confirmînd ceea ce încerc să induc studenţilor mei, ba chiar şi colegilor de breaslă: regula compromisului şi ideea că totul poate avea valoare de adevăr, dar numai contextual, numai într-un timp anume. Continue reading
It is known that there are spheres of human life and areas of human activity so complex in nature that they inherently become, on the one hand, absolutely exceptional, and, on the other hand, impossible to seize in any global model: we lack data, we cannot corroborate data extrapolated from the analysis of the various perspectives meant to observe the objects in question but above all things we cannot count on the faithful repetition of the events specific to these spheres and areas. I include in this category the spheres related to both natural and social phenomena, to human thinking, and, finally, to the language activity, deeply embedded in thinking and also seen as central to any instance of communication in our world, namely the world of the living. Continue reading
Classical logic proved to be not quite proper to describe natural phenomena. Understanding and explaining naturalphenomena requires natural logic. This kind of logic was the most important construction Jean-Blaise Grize came up with.
Then, he developed an instrument for the analysis and description of the discursive activity, the discursive schematization (schématisation discursive), which proved to be infalliblein all sorts of situations. To achieve this, Grize went deep, to Aristotel’s Antiquity. All logicians do this. But he went aside, too, widening his horizon and seeking foundation in humanities and social sciences. This is what the present study is trying to bring to readers’ attention. Continue reading
Everywhere in the world, societies – acting as communities – set up institutions or just use already existing ones, leading to their own reproduction.This reality relies on the use of language, which not only influence people, but also socio-culturally shapes their minds. This paper has the goal of discussing mind formatting institutions that smoothly “manipulate” people into being “good citizens”, from their early ages to the end of their lives, thanks to language, understanding manipulation as a amoral tool. Continue reading
Barrières linguistiques, notamment au niveau terminologique, dans des domaines de communication à grand impact socio-culturel. Approche pragmalinguistique
Les termes employés pour s’exprimer et pour communiquer entre les spécialistes en astronomie, astronautique, chimie, mais aussi en philologie et mathématiques, par exemple, ne font l’objet que de certains cercles de professionels et peut-être aussi des professionnels des zones de contact. Continue reading
The text deals with clichés, in the sense of phrases everybody uses just because they are in fashion. The difference between phrase and enunciation, between text and discourse is the foundation of the claim made in this study. A phrase – any phrase – can have a semantic of its own and this makes it worth using in some contexts. In other words, the phrases get meanings in context. But the changing of contexts could make a perfectly acceptable phrase become not so acceptable. Or, contexts evolve and resuming former truth can have the most unexpected results. Some notorious
phrases are discussed and proven out of date or simply inadequate. On the other hand, a well known phrase is saluted as happily enriched with a meaning which got lost over the years. When it comes to using phrases, we have discourses, and the meaning of any discourse is contextual. Clichés don’t work well all the time.
Keywords: context sensitive meaning, phrase vs. enunciation, text vs. discourse, clichés Continue reading
In any book on Communication we find rules or even maxims, guiding us in being efficient. The idea of this text is that there is no rule in communication. There can be just one acceptable principle and it says: “Be appropriate!”. People have to do what they have to do in different situations, in different contexts, in order to get their intentions through. A good starting point could be the phrase of Ivan Preston: Meanings are in people, not in messages. From there, all one needs is wisdom, and our approach is not more encouraging on defining that then defining appropriateness.
Keywords: appropriateness, wisdom, rules in communication. Continue reading
“The unspeakability of nature is the very possibility of language.”
James P. Carse
The act of speech involves the operation of discursive schematisation destined to influence the interlocutor, to make him or her accept and adopt new ideas and attitudes which are programmed by the initiator of the speech act, who wants his or
her interlocutor to act in a certain way. When you speak, you want the other to believe you. In order to believe, one has to understand. So, the speaker should make sure that the hearer has the best of chances to get to the message contained in a speech act.
Adecvarea are o dimensiune culturală, una istorică, una empatică (ţinînd de cunoaşterea împărtăşită, dar şi de experienţa celuilalt); privită din alt unghi, ea este socială, psihologică, iar, dintr-o a treia perspectivă, ea are o mare încărcătură de risc, dată de imposibilitatea de a pune în acord perfect planuri atît de multe şi atît de diverse.
Înţelepciunea, spunea Jack Miller, ar putea fi acea parte de dumnezeire din fiecare dintre noi, acea poziţie smerită care ne îndeamnă – pe fiecare, dar nu în aceeaşi măsură şi nu la fel în orice moment! – să reflectăm asupra noastră şi asupra lumii din jur, să ne chestionăm cu privire la dreapta poziţionare a noastră în raport cu lumea şi cu ceilalţi, să analizăm faptele noastre şi întîmplările din jurul nostru, pentru a constata în ce măsură am reuşit să avem un comportament adecvat în fiecare situaţie pe care am traversat-o. Continue reading