Texte in limbi straine

From regularity to norm or “the three-step efficient communication”

It is known that there are spheres of human life and areas of human activity so complex in nature that they inherently become, on the one hand, absolutely exceptional, and, on the other hand, impossible to seize in any global model: we lack data, we cannot corroborate data extrapolated from the analysis of the various perspectives meant to observe the objects in question but above all things we cannot count on the faithful repetition of the events specific to these spheres and areas. I include in this category the spheres related to both natural and social phenomena, to human thinking, and, finally, to the language activity, deeply embedded in thinking and also seen as central to any instance of communication in our world, namely the world of the living. Continue reading

Articol despre: Cognitie, Limbaj si comunicare, Texte, Texte in limba engleza, Texte in limbi straine |

Jean – Blaise Grize et sa vision globale des sciences de l’homme

Classical logic proved to be not quite proper to describe natural phenomena. Understanding and explaining naturalphenomena requires natural logic. This kind of logic was the most important construction Jean-Blaise Grize came up with.

Then, he developed an instrument for the analysis and description of the discursive activity, the discursive schematization (schématisation discursive), which proved to be infalliblein all sorts of situations. To achieve this, Grize went deep, to Aristotel’s Antiquity. All logicians do this. But he went aside, too, widening his horizon and seeking foundation in humanities and social sciences. This is what the present study is trying to bring to readers’ attention. Continue reading

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On Wooden Language and Manipulation

There are many ways people use some established wooden language and this differentiate them when they are targeted by manipulative discourses. Some people would be genuinely politically correct and use the speech code with all their heart. Those ones can be manipulated by the bias of targeted discourses in the given wooden language. Some other people would not believe that wooden languages could be used in real communication. Part of these later ones would fake using the established wooden language in their group or society, part of them would overtly refuse to use such a language, while some of them would use the wooden language in an ironic key, to rally human or social shortcomings. Counting apart the first category, all these kinds of people would escape any manipulation attempt. Continue reading

Articol despre: Limbaj si comunicare, Texte, Texte in limba engleza, Texte in limbi straine |

Mind formatting institutions

Everywhere in the world, societies – acting as communities – set up institutions or just use already existing ones, leading to their own reproduction.This reality relies on the use of language, which not only influence people, but also socio-culturally shapes their minds. This paper has the goal of discussing mind formatting institutions that smoothly “manipulate” people into being “good citizens”, from their early ages to the end of their lives, thanks to language, understanding manipulation as a amoral tool. Continue reading

Articol despre: Cognitie, Limbaj si comunicare, Texte, Texte in limba engleza, Texte in limbi straine |

Constantin Salavastru, Logique, argumentation, interprétation, Paris, l’Harmattan, 2007

Surprendre la façon dont notre cerveau fonctionne, c’est le grand projet, le grand objectif de nombreuses sciences, parmi lesquelles, la logique. Ce qui est caractéristique pour la logique, mais aussi pour d’autres sciences du domaine de la cognition, c’est qu’elles essaient de comprendre et de représenter le fonctionnement de la pensée humaine d’après les produits de celle-ci, les discours. Continue reading

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Michel Meyer, Qu’est-ce qu l’Histoire? Progrès ou déclin? Paris, PUF, 2013

Être au courant des recherches de Michel Meyer peut aider à comprendre, d’abord le titre de l’ouvrage, sous sa forme de question, et aussi le point de vue proposé par le contenu. C’est parce que l’approche de Meyer sur la … Continue reading

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Vertus productives et applicatives de la problématologie

Citeste articolul in limba franceza Aparut in: Cahiers de psychologie politique (A. Dorna, ed.) http://lodel.irevues.inist.fr/cahierspsychologiepolitique/index.php?id=2078 numéro 20 > Comptes rendus de livres lus et relus >

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What is Jamie Oliver’s big knife doing in Midsomer Magna? On manipulation

Traditionally, the term “manipulation” is used in a morally depreciative sense, as a pejorative expression. The present paper tries to propose another view on manipulation as action and thus another perception of the linguistic term. For this, we will leave the territory of moral distinctions (good vs. bad, moral vs. immoral) and go camp in the territory of adequacy, a territory of instruments and their efficiency in usage (the distinction will be good vs. bad, in the sense of the appropriateness and efficiency of the chosen instrument in performing some particular action).

Taken as such, the manipulation is no longer viewed as moral or immoral, but simply as amoral. In contrast with that, manipulation will be discussed under the opposition good vs. bad in terms of the pragmatics of the action. We will then accept that there can be morally good manipulation, which also means that an expression like “bad manipulation” is not a pleonasm, but a way to refer to manipulation that didn’t produce the expected effect. Continue reading

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Barrières linguistiques, notamment au niveau terminologique, dans des domaines de communication à grand impact socio-culturel. Approche pragmalinguistique

Les termes employés pour s’exprimer et pour communiquer entre les spécialistes en astronomie, astronautique, chimie, mais aussi en philologie et mathématiques, par exemple, ne font l’objet que de certains cercles de professionels et peut-être aussi des professionnels des zones de contact. Continue reading

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Virtual civic identity

The paper presents a study on a typology of civic identities of public contributors of online articles on forums and their possibilities of automatic identification. We analyse the dialogic means and exploration of automatic extraction of features from forum utterances.

The research suggests new perspectives for defining types of online commentators of public discourses addressing domains such as politics, arts, education, etc. In the investigation we apply some pragmalinguistics approaches on communication, mainly taken from polyphony and enunciation areas.

http://consilr.info.uaic.ro/2013/index.php Continue reading

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